Infertility occurs in men as well as women, and several factors may be causing infertility. In men, fertility problems usually arise as a result of problems with the structure or motility (movement) of the sperm or in the concentration or number of sperm present. Problems with ejaculation or genetic issues can also cause fertility issues in men. In women, the most common causes of infertility include:
Today, there are many tests that can be performed to determine the underlying cause of fertility problems so the most appropriate treatment can be recommended. Blood testing, sperm sampling, pelvic exams, ultrasound and other diagnostic imaging and evaluations all may be used depending on the symptoms of infertility, and other exams may be performed to look inside the uterus to evaluate the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes (structures that enable the eggs to travel from the ovaries to the uterus).
The treatment that's used will depend on the underlying cause of infertility. For instance, hormone replacement therapy can play an important role in treating issues caused by low or fluctuating hormones or irregular ovulation, while structural issues affecting the uterus or fallopian tubes may require surgery. Fibroids may be treated surgically or with medication in some cases. Others may benefit from treatments like in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI). Each treatment will be carefully designed to suit the individual patient's needs to help maximize the chances of successful conception.
*Individual Results May Vary